Gynaecomastia is a condition wherein male breasts swell abnormally resembling a
female breast. This occurs more in teenagers and older men.
This could be due to extra tissue formation or extra fat accumulation.
- Hormonal imbalance – imbalance in the proportion of sex hormones oestrogen and testosterone
- Puberty – during puberty hormone levels vary
- Older age – less testosterone formation in older age
- New-born baby boy – transfer of oestrogen from mother to baby during birth. This is temporary
The surgical procedure might require removal of accumulated fat or connective tissue.
The fat removal can be done by liposuction whereas an incision is required for reducing
the excessive connective tissue in the breast.
Medication is advised to rectify the hormonal imbalance.
Post-surgery, the patient is advised to wear specially fitted compression garment
daily for 4 – 6 weeks.
Basic therapy against this medical condition is medical compression garment like
Medical compression garments are prescribed by the doctor if required, and the patients
are measured for the correct fit by specialist medical retailers (e.g. surgical
appliance dealers): the user’s relevant measurements are taken so that the compression
garment matches his anatomy exactly.