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Compression therapy

Principle of compression

The concept of compression therapy is based on the principle of applying a gradual pressure-gradient (pressure decreasing upwards from the ankle) on the leg. The compression stocking has a gentle squeezing effect on the veins resulting in restoration of the normal blood flow through the venous system. This in turn aids in the venous return which prevents venous disorder and provides relief to the ailing leg.

Indications & Contraindications

Physicians resort to this treatment for the following indications:
  1. Phlebitis
  2. Thrombosis
  3. Post vein surgery
  4. Chronic venous diseases (varicose veins, oedema, leg ulcers, etc)
  5. Preventive usage for pregnancy and travelling
  Contraindications:
  1. Advanced peripheral obstructive arterial disease
  2. Severe uncontrolled congestive heart failure
  3. Septic phlebitis
  4. Oozing dermatitis
  5. Advanced peripheral neuropathy
(Note: i) Manufacturer’s sizing chart has to be strictly followed to avoid any secondary effects with compression therapy treatment ii) Compression Stockings should be worn solely on consent from a certified & specialised medical practitioner)   Compression levels: Compression level of a compression stocking is determined based on the pressure exerted at the ankle. The unit of measurement is millimeters of Mercury (mmHg). Compression levels or classes are defined according to standard official norms of the state.
Class Class I Class II Class III Class IV
Pressure exerted at the ankle (mmHg) 18 – 22 23 - 33 34 - 46 >46
The class application is prescribed by a physician depending on the severity of the disease.
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